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Latina Workers Have To Work Nearly 11 Months Into 2019 To Be Paid The Same As White Non

Some scholars have suggested that the Latino mortality advantage is likely to disappear due to the higher rates of obesity and diabetes among Latinos relative to non-Hispanic whites, although lower rates of smoking (and thus smoking-attributable mortality) among Latinos may counteract this to some extent. Hispanic and Latinos are racially diverse, although different “races” are usually the majority of each Hispanic group.

National Beverage Corp Reports “Best Ever” Quarter

Map of Los Angeles County showing percentage of population self-identified as Mexican in ancestry or national origin by census tracts. Heaviest concentrations are in East Los Angeles, Echo Park/Silver Lake, South Los Angeles, and San Pedro/Wilmington. Despite assurances to the contrary, the property rights of formerly Mexican citizens were often not honored by the U.S. in accordance with modifications to and interpretations of the Treaty. Continuous large-scale migration, particularly after the 1910 Mexican Revolution, added to this original population. During the Great Depression, Mexican Americans were scapegoated and subjected to an ethnic cleansing campaign of mass deportation, which affected an estimated 500,000 to two million people.

Though theCenter for American Progressreports that the level of educational attainment for Latinas has risen in the past few years, graduation rates for Latinas, at 31.3% in 2008, are still significantly lower than graduation rates for white women, at 45.8%. Driven largely by the War on Drugs, women of color, particularly black and Latina women, comprise the fastest-growing sector of the prison population. In the last 20 years, thenumber of womenincarcerated increased at a rate almost double that of men, with Latina women being 69% more likely to be incarcerated than white women. Although feminists regularly cite the gender wage gap as a scourge holding back women in the workplace, in fact for Latinas, the gap is much worse. According to some estimates, Latinas earnjust 55 centsfor every dollar earned by non-Hispanic white men.

“Latino” as a category used in the United States may be understood as a shorthand for the Spanish word latinoamericano or the Portuguese phrase latino-americano, thus excluding speakers of Romance languages from Europe. Both “Hispanic” and “Latino” are generally used to denote people living in the United States. There are smaller communities present, including about 110,000 Salvadorans.

A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. It includes people who indicate their race as “White” or report entries such as Irish, German, English, Scandinavian, Scottish, Near Easterners, Iranian, Lebanese, or Polish.

Census Bureau as Cuban (32.6%), Other Latino (23.5%), Puerto Rican (3.7%), and Mexican (1.9%). Thus, the current sample was representative of Latinas living in Miami-Dade County, but not of the larger U.S. Future studies are needed with nationally representative samples to validate and enhance the generalizability of results. Furthermore, women more frequently agreed with disease attributions about addiction when they were more proficient in Spanish. Thus, Latinas in the U.S. who have not adopted the receiving culture and who have retained their heritage culture seem to endorse the spiritual and disease models of addiction more than those who do adopt U.S. culture.

  • In Mexico’s Indigenous regions, mestizos and Westernized natives are referred to as mexicanos, referring to the modern nation, rather than the pueblo identification of the speaker, be it Mayan, Zapotec, Mixtec, Huasteco, or any of hundreds of other indigenous groups.
  • Scholar Roberto Cintli Rodríguez places the location of Chicana at the mouth of the Colorado River, near present-day Yuma, Arizona.
  • An 18th century map of the Nayarit Missions used the name Xicana for a town near the same location of Chicana, which is considered to be the oldest recorded usage of the term.
  • As summarized by Earl Shorris, Chicano had “lost its fire.” However, Chicanas/os continued to participate in building the foundations of the feminist, gay and lesbian, and anti-apartheid movements of the 1980s, which maintained its relevance at the grassroots level.

The race category of “Mexican” was eliminated in 1940, and the population of Mexican descent was counted with the white population. Enumerators were instructed that all people born in Mexico, or whose parents were born in Mexico, should be listed as Mexicans, and not under any other racial category. In prior censuses and in 1940, enumerators were instructed to list Mexican Americans as white, perhaps because some of them were of white background , many others mixed white and Native American and some of them Native American.

Duany had described this process as a “reconfiguration” and termed it the “nationalizing” of this community throughout the United States. The U.S. States where Puerto Ricans were the largest Hispanic group were New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Hawaii.

The projected Hispanic population of the United States for July 1, 2050 is 132.8 million people, or 30.2% of the nation’s total projected population on that date. The Hispanic paradox refers to the medical research indicating that Latino immigrants enter the United States with better health, on average, than the average American citizen, but lose this health benefit the longer they reside in the United States. It is important to note that this health paradox affects both male and female populations of Latinos. Likewise, immigrant Latina women are found to have a lower infant mortality rate than U.S. born women. This has been explained by the tendency for Hispanic women to continue breastfeeding for a longer amount of time.

Alternatively, Hispanic women who receive a high school diploma experience a wage gap that is about 10 log points lower than Hispanic women who dropped out before graduating high school. In contrast, the benefit of some college is marginal in closing the wage gap, and the benefits of a bachelor’s degree are even smaller. In log points, the aggregation of the Hispanic woman penalty and the white man premium is equivalent to the total white-men-to-Hispanic-women gap, and their relative https://www.gudsoegaard.dk/2020/03/11/whispered-peru-women-secrets/ magnitudes can be used to calculate the percentage point contribution of each component to the aggregate gap. Importantly, both models confirm the empirical evidence presented by Paul, Zaw, Hamilton, and Darity of the role of intersectionality in the labor market. Specifically, Hispanic women’s total wage gap (40 percent, as calculated with Paul et al.’s specification) is larger than the addition of their gender wage gap with Hispanic men and their ethnic wage gap with white women .

The Latina share of the female population in the United States will increase from 16.4 percent today to 25.7 percent in 2050. Latinas are making significant strides in education, participation, health, and other areas, but there is a long way to go to fully close racial and ethnic disparities. New policies such as the Affordable Care Act, or ACA, and other proposed policies such as immigration reform can greatly improve the lives of Latina women and their families.

Breast Cancer In Hispanic

AMIGAS was delivered by Latina health educators to a diverse, predominantly immigrant population of Latina women in the Miami metropolitan area. Peer Leaders learn to design and implement a “learning project” that meets a need they see in their community.